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ߣ ʱ䣺2019-09-03 15:07

ҪôǿԿʱҪһЩΪǵĶ鷳еʱĵ˵ĵ˾ѵѺܾܿĵAtlastweekend"sopeningceremonyfortheHaidianDistrictSchoolHockeyLeague"sseason,SongandYingencouragedyoungsterstotakeupthesport."IcanimaginethatmoreandmorestudentshavepickeduphockeyinBeijing.Let"senjoythepassionandjoyofthesportaltogether...andIexpecttoseesomeofyouontheiceatthe2022WinterOlympics,"saidSong,whoisplayingcollegehockeyatCornellUniversityinIthaca,NewYork,inanticipationofchallengingforaspotintheNHL.Ying,whoseseasonwrappedupwhenRedStarwasknockedoutoftheKHLplayoffsthreeweeksago,saidthekeytograduatingfromjuniorhockeytotheproranksisperseverance."Therewillbealotofchallengesanddistractions,suchasaheavystudyload,theemphasisonacademicexcellenceinChinaandmaybeotherhobbies,"saidthe18-year-oldYing."Butonceyougetintothesportyouwillbeaddictedtoit.Myadviceistokeepworkingatitwheneveryoucanandtostickwithitnomatterwhathappens."Theschoolleague"snewseason,whichrunsthroughApril,involves40teamsandmorethan520primaryandsecondaryplayerscompetinginthreeagegroups.Althoughstillontheperipheryofnationalpopularity,hockeyisgrowingbyleapsandboundsinBeijing,asevidencedbythenumberofamateurclubsinthecapital.AccordingtotheBeijingHockeyAssociation,130teamsencompassingfivedifferentagegroupstooktotheiceduringtheBeijingMinorHockeyLeague"s2016-17season,whichwrappeduplastweek.That"sahugeincreasefromtheBMHL"sdebutseasonin2008,whenonlyfourteamscompeted.Morethan3,000juniorplayershaveregisteredwiththeassociationtotakepartinweeklyafter-schoolpracticesessionsandleaguecompetitions,saidSuJun,deputydirectoroftheyouthdepartmentofBeijingSportsBureau.Toprovidemoreadvancedtrainingandaccessiblefacilitiesforyoungplayers,WukesongArena,aBeijing2022venue,hassignedapartnershipwiththeHaidiandistricteducationcommissiontobecomeanextracurricularphysicaleducationbase.Thearena,whichhostsRedStarhomegames,willopenitsrinkforstudenttrainingsessions,offerfreeticketsforstudentstoattendgamesandwillorganizeprogramstohelptrainPEteachers.sunxiaochen@chinadaily.com.cnгʽƼƻ

ڹ˫ԼơƳתø˾ʲȫʹʹ˾ѩݹ˾ʲΪҵơƳʯ266˼Ź̨ͬȵڴCurrentlyonafour-nationtourofEurope,JapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbeisseekingthesupportofEuropeancountriesinhisbidtogettheSouthChinaSeadisputesontheagendafortheG7summit,tobeheldinItalyinMay.GiventhatneitherJapannoranyEuropeancountriesaredirectlyinvolvedinthemaritimedisputesintheSouthChinaSea,Abeisshowinghisdesiretomeddleintheissueforhisownends.ThisisnotthefirsttimethatAbehastriedtohijacktheG7agendaandsoughttointernationalizetheSouthChinaSeadisputestoservehisulteriorpoliticalpurposes.AbehasbeenrelentlesslypushingtogetJapandeeplyinvolvedintheSouthChinaSeadisputestojustifyhiscountry"sbiggermilitarypresenceintheinternationalarena.DaysbeforeAbeembarkedonhisEuropeantour,itwasreportedthatJapanwilldispatchtheIzumo-classhelicoptercarrier,itslargestwarship,totheSouthChinaSea.The249-metervesselisduetomakestopsinSingapore,Indonesia,thePhilippinesandSriLankabeforeparticipatinginajointnavalexercisewithIndianandUSnavalvesselsintheIndianOceaninJuly.ThiswillbeJapan"sbiggestshowofnavalforceintheregionsinceWorldWarII.Foracountrythathasneversincerelyowneduptoitsmilitaristpast,suchanopenandhigh-profiledisplayofforceisitselfalarming,withoutmentioningitsintendedpurposeofmeddlinginthesovereigntydisputestowhichitisnotaparty.Japan"sinterferencecomesatatimewhentheSouthChinaSeadisputeshaveshownclearsignsofabatingthankstotherecenteffortsofthepartiesdirectlyinvolved,andwhenChinaisnegotiatingaframeworkforacodeofconductwithSoutheastAsiancountries,whichwillpavethewayforbuildingpeaceandstabilityinthewaters.Abe"smeddlingintheissue,atthisimportantstage,laysbarehisintentionofplayinguptheissueandcreatingtroubleforChina.Andhewillnodoubtwanttokeephypinguptheissuetodistracttheattentionofthoseathomefromthelandscandalinwhichheandhiswifehavebecomeembroiled.YetwhileitmaysuitAbetoplayuptheSouthChinaSeaissue,heshouldbeawarethemorehedoes,themorepeopleintheregionwillnotdeemJapantobearesponsiblecountry,animageJapanhastoestablishinthefirstplaceifitwantstobetreatedasanormalcountry.

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ԭزϯʦŴΰʾƽҪֲڶЩƽ󲿷ֶѧ³ʯĵ߸˱450ֻΧһ˫̸ҪǿڻҺչʽĿҵũҵĽ

ɡԺУרҵ顱ѧԻѡʵʩ취Ϻ2017ͨߵѧУԡԺУרҵ顱Ϊ־ԸͶ¼ȡĻλÿλڱͨѡ24ԺУרҵ顱л񹲺͹ϯл񹲺͹й»ʹȫ᳣ίԱľDzٻפȫȨ׼ͷϳͬ޽ԼҪЭJapan"srulingandoppositionpartieshavedecidedtosummonYasunoriKagoike,headoftheOsaka-basededucationinstitutionMoritomoGakuen,toDiet,orJapan"sparliamenttoanswerquestionsonMarch23.KagoiketoldadelegationofDietmembersinOsakaonThursdaythathereceivedadonationfromPrimeMinisterShinzoAbetohelpbuildanelementaryschoolthatwasduetoopeninApril.Thelawmakersvisitedthesiteoftheschool,whichKagoikehasgivenupasithasbecomeembroiledinalandscandal.MoritomoGakuenwasfoundtohavepurchasedtheplotfromthetransportministryatadisproportionatelylargediscountpayinglessthanone-sixthoftheland"svalue.Oppositionlawmakersallegethatthegovernment,orevenelementsclosetoAbe,mayhavepressuredofficialstoawardMoritomoGakuenthefavorabledeal.Abe"swife,Akie,washonoraryprincipaloftheplannedelementaryschool,andshealsogaveaspeechatacontroversialprivatekindergartenrunbyMoritomoGakuen.ThekindergarteniscontroversialasitindoctrinatesitsyoungchargeswithslursagainstKoreansandChinese,andgetsthemtobowbeforeimagesofJapan"semperor,stamptheirfeettomilitarysongsandrecitethe1890"sImperialRescriptonEducationthatrequiredfilialpiety,brotherhoodandself-sacrifice.AbehastriedtodistancehimselffromKagoike.ButbothheandKagoikearemembersofNipponKaigi,orJapanConference,aradicalnationalistlobbygroup.Abeservesasits"specialadviser",andKagoikeheadsitsOsakabranch.NipponKaigi,isasmallgroup,withabout38,000fee-payingmembers.ButitisreshapingJapan"spoliticsasitsnetworkreachesquietly,deeplyintotheJapanesegovernment.Itsmembersincludenumerousstateandlocallawmakers,renownedacademicsandauthors,mediamoguls,leadingShintopriests,titansofindustry,high-rankingdiplomatsandmilitaryofficers.ThegroupisresentfulofJapan"sdefeatintheWorldWarII,advocatesforabandoninga"masochisticviewofJapanesehistory",deniestheatrocitiescommittedbyJapanduringthewarandchampionsanewConstitution.Ithaslaunchedacampaigntocollect10millionsignaturestoreviseJapan"sso-calledPeaceConstitution.NipponKaigistayedshadowyuntilabookonit,writtenbyfreelancejournalistTamotsuSugano,waspublishedin2016.Inthebook,whichbecameabestseller,SuganocallsNipponKaigithecountry"slargestnationalistlobbyandclaimsthatithasinfluenceontheAbeadministration.Inhisinvestigationofthegroup,healsofoundthateducationhasbeenapriorityfortheNipponKaigioverthepasttwodecades.MoritomoGakuen,forinstance,hasanambitiousplantoestablishnationalisteducationfacilitiesfrompreschooltohigherlearning.NipponKaigithrewapartycelebratingAbe"scabinetappointmentsin2013,as15outof18weremembersofthegroup.TheoldJapaneseimperial"RisingSun"flagwasflown,pledgesto"breakawayfromthepostwarregime"wereaffirmed,andtheimperialnationalanthemsung."Go,goPrimeMinisterAbe!We"rehappyyoupassedsecuritylegislationattheDiet!"thekidsagedbetween3and5atMoritomoGakuen"skindergartencalledout,referringtothecontroversiallawsrammedthroughtheDietin2015thathaveconsiderablyexpandedthelegalscopeofoverseasoperationsofJapan"sSelf-DefenseForces.TherulingLiberalDemocraticPartyhasapprovedarulechangetoallowpartyleaderstoserveuptothreeconsecutivethree-yearterms.ThemoveallowsAbetopotentiallystretchhistenurethrough2021.Ifhegetstheextratime,heislikelytodothatwhichNipponKaigiwillwanttodothemostrewriteJapan"sConstitution.TheauthorisChinaDailyTokyobureauchief.caihong@chinadaily.com.cn

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ҵϣͨ޺ϻ﷽ʽͶկկݽڡ׳ڼ˵Ƴ50100ľ׳ɫ׻Chinahasthelargestlaborforceintheworld.However,manyenterprisescomplainaboutalackofskilledworkers,especiallyseniortechnicians.Itisaproblemthathasattractedtheattentionofthecentralleadership.In2014,theStateCouncil,China"sCabinet,calledforthestructureofhighereducationtobeoptimizedsothatvocationaleducationaccountedformorethanhalfofthetotal.Italsosetthegoalofstudentsatmiddlevocationalschoolsreaching23.5millionby2020.However,thatcallwentunheeded.Accordingtoofficialdata,thenumberoffreshstudentsformiddlevocationalschoolsnationwidewas6millionin2015,or185,100fewerthan2014.Thenumberofstudentsstudyinginmiddlevocationalschoolswas16.56million,almost1millionfewerthan2014.Inotherwords,vocationaleducationdeclineddespitetheencouragementoftheauthorities.Thatshouldarouseourconcern.Itislowpayandthelowsocialstatusoftechniciansthathaspreventedfamiliesfromsendingtheirchildrentoattendvocationalschools.Asaresult,technicalworkasaprofessionhasnotimproved,andthepayremainslow.Inordertobreakthisviciouscircle,therearetwothingsthatmustbedone.First,theauthoritieshavetofurtherequalizetheeducationsystemsothatthosereceivingvocationaleducationdonotfeelinferior.Currentlyonlythosestudentswhofailtogethighenoughscorestoentercollegeswillchoosevocationalcolleges,andthisphenomenonmustbechanged.Second,moreresourcesmustbeinvestedinvocationalschools.Forlong,vocationalschoolswerebusyattractingstudents,butforgottobuilduptheiradvantages;asaresult,vocationalschoolgraduatesareoftentreatedascheaplaborbyenterprises.Itistimeformoregovernmentinvestmentinvocationalschools,sothattheycangetenoughqualifiedteachersandchangetheirstatus.

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ηʾ쳬켯أLOTTEMartڱԵҵ̬Ŀǰڱӵ14ŵ500ƽ1500ƽײTheInternationalTelecommunicationUnionhasadoptedChina"snationalstandardformobiledevices"animationasaninternationalcriterion.It"sChina"sfirsttechnologicalstandardinaculturalfieldtobeadoptedinternationally,theMinistryofCulturesaidatanewsconferenceonMonday.ThestandardnumberT.621hasbeenusedbyover1,000mobile-deviceanimationoperatorsinChina.Thiscreatesuniformedformatsandtechnicalmethodsforrunningcontentnationwide.BeijingUniversityofPostsandTelecommunicationsprofessorChenHongsaysthestandardsavescontentoperatorsenergyintermsoftransformationamongdifferentformats.Itgivesthemmoretimetocreatenewcontentandfacilitatesthecirculationofnewproduction.HeaddsthattheinternationalizationofChina"snationalstandardwillhelpChinesehardwaremanufacturersgooverseas.YuQun,anassistanttotheMinisterofCulture,saysthestandard"spromotionwillfirstfocusonBeltandRoadInitiativecountries.It"llgraduallyspreadtotheAmericasandEurope.HealsosaysChinawilldevelopmoreinternationaltechnologicalstandardsrelatedtotheculturalsphere.Related:켯Ŵʼƹۺ֣IDguanhaijieju߷켯Ŵʼ94Ƶγϯ֤Էӳ

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ÿζӻؼ׼һ߲֯IJжIJʡǮZongQinghou,chairmanofHangzhouWahahaGroupCoLtd.[PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily]"Israelicompaniesarepleasedtoselltheirtechnologiesbecausetheirhomemarketisrelativelysmall,"saidZong.HesaidthecompanyisseekingrobottechnologiesfromIsraelforitsnewfactorysettobebuiltinLin"aninEastChina"sZhejiangprovince.Wahahahasbeeninvolvedintheresearchanddevelopmentofrobotssince2011.Ithasdevelopedindustrialrobots,whichareusedforpackaging,palletizingandproductionmaterialdelivery.Attheendof2015,Wahahahad30industrialrobotsinitsownfactories.In2016,another100willbeputintooperation.AccordingtodatafromIVCResearchCenter,Chineseinvestorsinvested$500millioninIsraelistartupsin2015.Chineseinvestorsalsoinvested$1billioninIsraeliventurecapitalfundsin2016,up18percentyear-on-year.TheChineseandIsraeligovernmentsareworkingcloselytoestablishatop-levelmechanismforcooperationbetweencompaniesinthetwonations.MinisterofScienceandTechnologyWanGangsaidonMondaythatChinaandIsraelhadagreedtodeepencooperationininnovation.TheChina-IsraelJointCommitteeonInnovationCooperationhasplayedanimportantroleinguidingtheinnovationdevelopmentbetweenthetwonations,saidWan.HeaddedChineseVice-PremierLiuYandongandIsraeliPrimeMinisterBenjaminNetanyahuwouldattendthethirdmeetingoftheChina-IsraelJointCommitteeonInnovationCooperationonTuesdayinBeijing.AccordingtoWan,ChinahasbeenIsrael"slargesttradepartnerinAsiaandSino-Israelitradewillcontinuetohavebrightfutureprospects.NetanyahusaidonMondaythatIsraelisa"technologicalglobalpower"andaspirestobe"theperfectjuniorpartner"toChineseinvestors.Hesaidtherearehugeopportunitiesinsectorssuchascybersecurity,automotivetechnologyanddataforChineseandIsraelicompanies.OnMonday,Netanyahumetthechiefsof11largecompanies,includingJackMa,chairmanofAlibabaGroupHoldingLtd,LiuChuanzhi,chairmanofLenovoGroupLtd,WangJianlin,chairmanofDalianWandaGroupCoandZongQinghou,chairmanofHangzhouWahahaGroup.ڲɷõ±˵ĸڵǽʽһ

ڶڴʿܽ޼ʵܽеκƽôôÿһйӦְ֧ƲһӦг߽ܵø˸һְʯǰ˸Ҳǰ˸ʯǿĸҾDzйϵһʮʮѩ

˵ҺϳһKwabenaBoahen,aprofessorofbioengineeringandofelectricalengineeringatStanfordUniversity,hasenvisionedanewgenerationofcomputerstobebrainlike,orneuromorphic,machinesthatarevastlymoreefficientthantheconventionaldigitalcomputers.Asconventionalcomputerchipsarenotuptothechallengesposedbynext-generationautonomousdronesandmedicalimplants,"wehavereachedthepointwhereweneedtodosomethingdifferent",saysBoahen,alsoamemberofStanfordBio-XandtheStanfordNeurosciencesInstitute."Ourlab"sthreedecadesofexperiencehasputusinapositionwherewecandosomethingdifferent,somethingcompetitive."Moore"slaw,anobservationmadebyIntelCorpco-founderGordonMoorein1965,hasheldupprettywellforfivedecades:Roughlyeverytwoyears,thenumberoftransistorsonecouldfitonachipdoubled,allwhilecostssteadilydeclined.However,transistorsandotherelectroniccomponentsaresosmalltheyarebeginningtobumpupagainstfundamentalphysicallimitsontheirsize.Andthereareneedsforcomputingtobeeverfaster,cheaperandmoreefficient.InthelatestissueofComputinginScienceandEngineering,Boahensaysthatthefutureisnow.Hesaysthatwhileothershavebuiltbrain-inspiredcomputers,hewasquotedinanewsreleasesayingthatheandhiscollaboratorshavedevelopedafive-pointprospectusforhowtobuildneuromorphiccomputersthatdirectlymimicinsiliconwhatthebraindoesinfleshandblood.Thefirsttwopointsoftheprospectusconcernneuronsthemselves,whichunlikecomputersoperateinamixofdigitalandanalogmodes.Intheirdigitalmode,neuronssenddiscrete,all-or-nothingsignalsintheformofelectricalspikes,akintotheonesandzeroesofdigitalcomputers.Buttheyprocessincomingsignalsbyaddingthemallupandfiringonlyonceathresholdisreachedmoreakintoadialthanaswitch.ThatobservationledBoahentotryusingtransistorsinamixeddigital-analogmode.Doingso,itturnsout,makeschipsbothmoreenergyefficientandmorerobustwhenthecomponentsdofail,asabout4percentofthesmallesttransistorsareexpectedtodo.Fromthere,Boahenbuildsonneurons"hierarchicalorganization,distributedcomputationandfeedbackloopstocreateavisionofanevenmoreenergyefficient,powerfulandrobustneuromorphiccomputer.Overthelast30years,Boahen"slabhasimplementedmostofitsideasinphysicaldevices,includingNeurogrid,oneofthefirsttrulyneuromorphiccomputers.But,inanothertwoorthreeyears,Boahensays,heexpectshisteamwillhavedesignedandbuiltcomputersimplementingalloftheprospectus"fivepoints."It"scomplementary,"Boahensays,addingthat"it"snotgoingtoreplacecurrentcomputers".Butasmostpersonalcomputersoperatenowherenearthelimitsofconventionalchips,neuromorphiccomputerswouldbemostusefulinembeddedsystemsthathaveextremelytightenergyrequirements,suchasverylow-powerneuralimplantsoron-boardcomputersinautonomousdrones.طøڹҲ50%һӲԹ涨ԴͼǼ

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ºķչԼִжϵϰ֤ж˫Ȥ뵽ڰȫδĹϵ̽ZhanjiangishonoredasoneoffirstChinesepilotcitiesintheUnitedNation"s(UN)SustainableUrbanDevelopmentandLivableGardenCommunityProgram(SUC).[Photo/zhanjiang.gov.cn]Zhanjiangstartedtheinitiativeofdevelopingafootprintcity,spongecityandcircularcityin2014,dedicatedtoimprovingthehappinessoflocalsthroughreducingcarbonemissions,bettersewagetreatmentandorderlyrubbishcollection.AccordingtotheSUC,Zhanjiangwillreceiveprofessionalguidanceforthenextthreeyearsfromitsexpertteamongreentransportation,recyclingeconomyandenvironmentalprotection.InternationalcooperationaswellastheexperienceofotherpilotcitiesaroundtheglobewillhelpimproveZhanjiang"ssustainabledevelopment.˵ʱж񶼲֪Լô뿪سİ칫ҵ

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AjobseekerfillsupanapplicationformatajobfairinWenxiancounty,Henanprovince.[XuHongxing/ForChinaDaily]Astheeconomyhasenteredintoaphaseofre-balancingfromemergingtomoresustainableandinclusivegrowth,whichiscalledthenewnormal,theChineselabormarketmightalsobefacedwithnewchallenges.Totalpopulationoftheworkingagehasshownnegativegrowthsince2011,whichmeanssupplyanddemandtendstobemorebalanced.Thisnaturallyleadstolesscompetitionwithinthelabormarketingeneral,whilefocusneedstobeonsolvingproblemsofemploymentstructureandfrictionalunemployment.Frictionalunemploymentisanacademicdefinitionmeaningwhenworkersleavetheirjobstofindbetterones.It"susuallyavoluntaryexit,butcanalsooccurfromalayofforterminationwithcause.Thetime,effortandexpensesittakestheworkertofindanewjobiscalledfriction.Whilethisfrictionproblemmightbeamorecommondifficultyamongbothauthoritiesandemployees,withthedeepeningofreformandadjustmentofeconomicstructureprocessingcomprehensively,attentionisneededrelatingtothreeaspectsofemploymentcontradiction:First,withthestructuralreformcontinuing,dealingwithover-capacityindustriesandshuttingdownzombiecompaniesnaturallyleadstoproblemsofstructuralandfrictionalunemploymentforemployeesintheseareas.Forexample,someworkersmightbenotbeabletomeetnewrequirementswhentransferringtonewpositions,letaloneinsomeruralareas,whenpoorerfarmersmaystrugglewiththelackofnecessaryworkskillsorqualifications.Second,forsomepartsofthepopulation,theimprovementofemploymentqualityiscriticallyindemand.Thispopulationreferstoflexibleemployees,especiallymigrantworkers,whichaccountsfor36percentoftotalurbanemployment,butonly40percentofthemhavesignedlaborcontracts.Theycantfullyenjoypublicservicesandtheirparticipationinsocialsecurityprogramshavealowrate.Manyofthemhavestrongmotivationtocomebacktoruralareasassoonastheyareover40yearsold.Thisisadangeroussignofurbanizationsreverse,whichwouldfurtherworsenthelaborshortage.Third,newpatternsofemploymentsuchasinformalemploymentareincreasing,whichwouldchallengethetraditionallaborrightsprotectionsystemthatusuallysecurestheserightsbasedontheworkunit.Howtobroadenthebenefitcoverageforinformalemployeesisanissuethatbothersmanycountriesaroundtheworld.Measurestotacklethechallengescanalsobefocusedintothreeareas:First,policiesshouldbebetterformulatedtoachieveadelicatebalancebetweenlabormarketflexibilityandthelaborsecuritysystem.Workersneedtobeencouragedtolearnmoreprofessionalskills,andatthesametimeenterprisesshouldallocatesocialresourcesinthemostefficientway,whichcombinedcanimprovesocialproductivity.Forexample,reformofthehouseholdregistrationsystemshouldbemovedforward,reasonablemeasurescouldbetakentoguidethefarmpopulationflowintocities,whichwoulddefinitelyincreaselaborsupply.InstitutionalimprovementsliketheLaborLawamendmentarealsoneeded,tobetterprotectemployeesrights.Second,measuresinthelongrunshouldbefocusingonhumanresourceeducationandcultivation.Asmanyteenagersusuallytendtogiveupstudyingandenterthelabormarketatveryyoungage,theyaredestinedtostrugglecopingwithemploymentfluctuationinthefuture.Soacomprehensiveeducationalandtrainingsystemcoveringtheentiresocietyandallagerangesisvitallyindemand,especiallytoimproveworkersinnovationandemploymentskills.Third,ononehand,thestructuralreformneedstokeeppushingforward,whileontheotherhand,socialpoliciesneedtobeusedasaguaranteeforresidentsbasicstandardofliving.Sothepublicemploymentservicesystemshouldbeimproved,inordertoreducethetimeitcoststheunemployedtofindanotherjob.Andatthesametime,trytobreakinequalityofthecurrentsocialsecuritypublicservicessystem,whicharedividedbyruralandurbanareas,industries,identityandsexuality.Inoneword,alltheresidentscouldbenefitfromthereformsachievement.Confidencefromthepublicfortheauthoritytotackletheemploymentissueshouldbestrengthened;solidprogresshasbeengraduallyobtainedinrecentyears.In2016,100billionyuanofspecialfundstocompensateemployeesincuttingover-capacityindustrieswereallocatedfromthegovernment,andpoliciesaimedatmakingtheentrepreneurshipenvironmentmorelivelyhavealsoseenfruitfulachievements.WuZheyusre-writefromCaiFangsopinionarticlepublishedonPeoplesDaily.ûIJûҪǿʶҵ˵ҪһЩҵɴʩ˵ҵЭƶɴʩȫӦ̵ӦóҵҵʹüֶνһӦ̵껹߶ֻӦõ˱׼Դ˷Ϣй¶ŵIJ潲ϵΥΪӦüǿ淶ʹǿֶκִǼǿƶȱ

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